How to Make an Ori-Nui Shibori Wall Hanging

Create a gorgeous pattern on silk fabric using stitch-resist shibori (called ori-nui) and natural indigo dye. Then just add a few more stitches to create a...

FinalFinalFinal
What You'll Be Creating

Create a gorgeous pattern on silk fabric using stitch-resist shibori (called ori-nui) and natural indigo dye. Then just add a few more stitches to create a lovely wall hanging for your home! 

Supplies

ShiboriShiboriShibori
ShiboriShiboriShibori

  • White silk crepe de chine fabric (or other natural cloth)
  • Scissors
  • A wood rod
  • Twine
  • Rubber bands
  • Two wood sticks for binding
  • Needle and thread
  • Sewing machine
  • Latex gloves
  • Apron
  • 20g of pre-reduced indigo, 250g of reducing agent (thiox or hydrosulfate) and 250g of soda ash, which you can find in this indigo dye kit
  • 19L (5 gallon) plastic bucket with a lid
  • Stick for stirring (make sure it's long enough to reach the bottom of your bucket)
  • Small container for the foam/"flower"
  • Sheet of plastic to cover the floor
  • Shallow pan to hold your fabric

1. Prepare the Indigo Dye

First, you need to set up the indigo vat. Just follow the step-by-step instructions we prepared for you in this Shibori Fundamentals tutorial. If you plan to use fabric dye and not natural indigo, you can follow the instructions in the second part of this Ne‑maki tutorial

Once your indigo vat is set, cover the bucket with a lid and let the dye settle for between 15 minutes and one hour. During this time you can stitch and bind your fabric.

SetSetSet

2. Stitch the Fabric

Step 1

First of all, you will need a strip of fabric of natural cloth, which is a prerequisite for dyeing with natural indigo dye. It is also best for this specific shibori technique, where stitching is used to create the design, to use a thin cloth which pleats easily, and this is why silk is the ideal choice.

Keep in mind that the width of your strip should be about the width of your rod. In my case it is about 50 cm (19.7 in) and I kept the length of the fabric. But the dimensions are not restrictive for this specific project. You can alter them based on the final shape you want your wall hanging to have. Just make sure the fabric is cut straight.

StripStripStrip

Step 2

Let's get to work. Thread your needle. Keep in mind that you need a long piece of thread, the longest possible with which you can easily stitch.

ThreadThreadThread

And make a double knot using both edges. Then trim off the excess thread.

makemakemake

You will stitch along the long edges of your fabric with a running stitch. This stitch is the basic stitch for hand sewing and embroidery, and it is worked by passing the needle in and out of the fabric.

So, start from one corner of the lower edge of your fabric and pass your needle downwards and then bring it back upwards. You can decide on the length of your stitches. Start your stitches about 5 cm (2 in) from the edge (mine are too close to the edge here).

StartStartStart

Step 3

Stitch the lower edge of your fabric. It helps to straighten the fabric as you stitch along to make sure you keep a straight path.

StitchStitchStitch

You can also make more than one stitch at once to go faster.

makemakemake

Step 4

Then stitch the upper edge of your fabric. Always try to keep the stitching parallel to the edge of your fabric.

stitchstitchstitch

3. Bind It

Step 1

Now place your finger at the end of the stitching and gently pull the thread through. The fabric will gather close to your finger and will get pleated.

pullpullpull

Step 2

Repeat the same process on the upper part of your cloth.

RepeatRepeatRepeat

And it will look like a cocoon.

ititit

Step 3

Pull the thread and knot it to secure it in place. Try to keep the fabric bound as tightly as possible.

PullPullPull

This is how the pleats you created will look.

PleatedPleatedPleated

There'll be a zig zag formation on the edge.

zigzigzig

Step 4

Now squeeze the center of your cocoon.

squeezesqueezesqueeze

And fold it in the middle.

foldfoldfold

Bring the two edges together and completely fold your fabric.

BringBringBring

Step 5

Place a small wood stick on each side of the folded cloth.

PlacePlacePlace

Step 6

Take a rubber band and bind the fabric together with the wood sticks.

TakeTakeTake

Do this on the other side as well.

RubberRubberRubber

Cool, now your fabric is stitched, tightly bound and ready to get dyed!

TightlyTightlyTightly

4. Dye It

Step 1

First soak the fabric in water and squeeze it to remove excess water and air.

SqueezeSqueezeSqueeze

Step 2

Your indigo vat should have settled by now. Open it and remove the "flower"/foam. Wear gloves and dip the fabric into the vat.

dipdipdip

Gently remove the fabric from the vat, place the foam/"flower" back on the surface of the dye and close the bucket with a lid.

removeremoveremove

Step 3

At first, the fabric will look green.

FabricFabricFabric

But it will oxidize through contact with air, and it will turn indigo blue.

FabricFabricFabric

Let the fabric completely oxidize for about 20 minutes. You can repeat the process if you think you need a deeper hue.

LeaveLeaveLeave

4. Unbind, Wash and Dry

Step 1

Once your fabric has the hue of blue you want, rinse it.

RinseRinseRinse

Step 2

Remove the rubber bands.

RemoveRemoveRemove

Also remove the wood sticks and open it up.

removeremoveremove

Step 3

Now, remove the knot and pull the thread through to unstitch it. This is the most rewarding moment; enjoy!

OpenOpenOpen
OpenOpenOpen

Step 4

Gently hand-wash your silk fabric with mild detergent in warm water.

GentlyGentlyGently

Step 5

And let it dry in the shade.

LetLetLet

5. Stitch It and Hang It

Step 1

To create the hem, first fold the long edge of the fabric inwards twice. Make sure to keep the folds really thin, especially if you stitched as close to the edge as I did, because you don't want to hide the design created by the stitching. Pin along the fold.

Now, stitch both hems. You can either do this by hand if your fabric is really delicate, or by using a thin needle on your sewing machine. Use either white thread or blue that's close to the color of your dye.

StitchStitchStitch
StitchedStitchedStitched

Step 2

Once sewn, iron the fabric carefully on the correct setting (silk).

IronIronIron

Step 3

Now place the fabric vertical on the working surface, meaning the short edge placed horizontally. Bring the upper edge downwards and create a horizontal fold of about 3 cm (1.2 in).

CreateCreateCreate

Step 4

Once you are sure the fold is straight, pin the fabric in place.

PinPinPin

Step 5

Stitch along the edge of the fabric. This will create a horizontal tube for the rod.

StitchStitchStitch

Ta-dah!

FinishedFinishedFinished

Step 6

Now you just need to create the upper part of your hanging. Just slide the rod through the tube you created by stitching, and center it to the cloth.

createcreatecreate

Step 7

Cut off a long piece of twine about 1.5 m (60 in).

CutCutCut

This will be used to make a loop from which you can hang the wall hanging.

makemakemake

Tie the twine around the left edge of the rod and knot it there to secure it place.

TieTieTie

Leave a bit of twine (almost twice as long as the width of the fabric) and secure the second edge in the same way. Now you not only have a way to hang your wall hanging, but also your fabric is secured in place.

AttachAttachAttach

Deck the Halls!

Now just hang your shibori wall hanging on the wall and deck the halls. You can add a few nice objects around it to make a synthesis on the wall, with your new shibori hanging as the central piece. 

In this tutorial you learned how to create stitch-resist patterns using the ori-nui shibori technique. And also how to stitch a lovely wall hanging for your home!

Ready, steady, indigo! Follow my Shibori for Beginners series of tutorials and learn how to tie-dye with me.

FinishedFinishedFinished
ShiboriShiboriShibori
Source: crafts.tutsplus.com